In a previous article, I introduced what is new in SQL:2023. Now I want to show the status of SQL:2023 support in PostgreSQL. See the previous article for details on these features.

UNIQUE null treatment (F292) PostgreSQL 15
ORDER BY in grouped table (F868) ancient
GREATEST and LEAST (T054) ancient
String padding functions (T055) ancient
Multi-character TRIM functions (T056) ancient
Optional string types maximum length (T081) ancient
Enhanced cycle mark values (T133) PostgreSQL 14
ANY_VALUE (T626) PostgreSQL 16
Non-decimal integer literals (T661) PostgreSQL 16
Underscores in numeric literals (T662) PostgreSQL 16
JSON data type (T801) PostgreSQL 9.2/9.4
Enhanced JSON data type (T802) future
String-based JSON (T803) not planned
Hex integer literals in SQL/JSON path language (T840) PostgreSQL 16
SQL/JSON simplified accessor (T860–T864) future
SQL/JSON item methods (T865–T878) future
JSON comparison (T879–T882) PostgreSQL 9.4
Property Graph Queries future


  • “ancient” means sometime before PostgreSQL 10. These are features that were already widely available in SQL implementations before they were added to the standard.

  • As of this writing, PostgreSQL 16 is in feature freeze but not released yet. So those entries could in theory change, but it’s pretty unlikely. Conformance information for PostgreSQL 16 relative to SQL:2023 can also be found in the documentation.

  • For the T801 entry, the json type was added in PostgreSQL 9.2 and the jsonb type was added in PostgreSQL 9.4. Most of the JSON functionality in SQL:2016 and SQL:2023 (including features T879 ff.) maps more readily to the jsonb type, so this information should be interpreted that way. Whether and how the json and jsonb types should be consolidated in PostgreSQL is an open question.

  • “not planned” is my opinion that the feature is essentially obsolete (see previous article) and not worth implementing.

  • “future” is my opinion that the feature could be a sensible addition to PostgreSQL, but there is no concrete work in progress.